How NASCAR Works

RacingOne/Getty Images Red Byron on Daytona Beach, Fla., in 1950. He won the first Strictly Stock race in 1949 in a similar Oldsmobile coupe. See more NASCAR images.
RacingOne/Getty Images

Imagine taking your family sedan down to the local dirt track to race against other drivers from your neighborhood. Now imagine the spectacle inspired by such a situation. With few rules, regulations and safety requirements, and with driver skill varying tremendously, the race wouldn't be a highly competitive sport, but a wild and woolly dash to the finish line.

NASCAR Image Gallery


That's what stock-car racing was like back in 1949, when the first Strictly Stock race was held in Charlotte, N.C. But stock-car racing -- and its sanctioning body, NASCAR -- has changed considerably since those early days. Today, NASCAR is highly organized and regulated, with cars and drivers that bear little resemblance to anything you'd find on a backcountry road or an interstate highway. The appeal of NASCAR has also grown considerably over the years, so much so that it is now the most popular spectator sport in the United States. If you're surprised by that assertion, consider these facts:


  • NASCAR is the second-highest-rated regular-season sport on television, with broadcasts in more than 150 countries (a record 12.5 million households tuned in to the Daytona 500 in 2006).
  • The sport boasts an estimated 75 million fans, who collectively purchase more than $2 billion in licensed products every year.
  • More Fortune 500 companies participate in NASCAR than any other sport, with U.S. corporate spending on auto-racing sponsorships reaching $2.9 billion in 2006.­

Why is the sport so popular? Because it brings together a unique combination of elements that Americans can't resist: fast cars; thrills and danger; personable, likable drivers; and numerous tracks within easy reach. This article will examine all of these elements and more to help you understand how NASCAR works, especially from an organizational and procedural point of view. To learn more about specific drivers or tracks or results from a specific year, check out our article on NASCAR in the entertainment channel. You will also want to read How NASCAR Race Cars Work and How NASCAR Safety Works, which cover those particular aspects of the sport.