Do biofuels compete with food?

The Answer? It All Depends

The myriad of factors that go into the food-versus-biofuel equation are complex and vary from situation to situation. While one region's farming infrastructure, climate and fuel use may make it an ideal place to switch to plant-based fuel, another region may face a nightmare of logistic, environmental and economic hurdles that make biofuel a worse option than fossil fuels.

There are likely parts of the world that run the risk of losing food security in the rush to produce biofuel for foreign consumers. But careful crop selection, smart farming policy and wise energy use, in the right combination for a given region, could strike a balance between demand for these renewable fuels and the basic human need to eat.

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