A decade ago, hybrid cars were the hottest, newest form of environmentally friendly and fuel-efficient motoring. But while hybrids have come to establish themselves in the car market, there's an even newer and more high-tech form of green car on the horizon: The plug-in hybrid.
As you may already know, plug-in hybrids are gasoline-electric vehicles similar to regular hybrids. The main difference is that their batteries are charged by plugging them in to outlets in your garage or at specialized charging stations. In theory, this makes them superior to standard hybrids because they can run on electricity for greater durations, and in some situations, they can get you where you're going without using gasoline at all.
In order to examine how plug-in hybrids' mileage compares to other cars, let's look at the plug-in hybrid cars currently on the market. One of the best examples is the Chevrolet Volt, which General Motors calls an "extended-range electric vehicle" but could also be described as a plug-in hybrid.
According to GM, the Volt gets 35 miles per gallon (14.9 kilometers per liter) in the city and 40 miles per gallon (17 kilometers per liter) on the highway. Those are decent fuel economy numbers, but they're not outstanding -- until you remember the Volt can drive up to 375 miles (603.5 kilometers) on electricity alone without using a drop of gas. For this reason, the EPA certifies the Volt's electric mode at 93 miles per gallon (39.5 kilometers per liter), or rather, equivalent miles per gallon [source: Chevrolet]. The all-electric Nissan Leaf has a rating of 99 miles per gallon (42.1 kilometers per liter).
Because plug-in hybrids make such a strong use of their electric modes, it's tough to directly compare their gas mileage to that of other cars. The Volt's competitors, the hybrid Toyota Prius and Honda Insight, get 51 miles per gallon (21.7 kilometers per liter) city, 48 miles per gallon (20.4 kilometers per liter) highway and 40 miles per gallon (17 kilometers per liter) city, 43 miles per gallon (18.3 kilometers per liter) highway, respectively. So while the Volt isn't as good on gas as these two Japanese hybrids, it does boast an edge in its ability to not use gas at all for prolonged periods [source: Edmunds].
Toyota is set to release a plug-in version of the Prius called the PHV in 2012. While it can only drive for 13 miles (20.9 kilometers) on electricity alone, after that, the car switches over to the same hybrid gas-electric system as on the regular Prius. This means it could achieve even better mileage than the Volt, which runs only on gasoline once it has expended its electricity reserves [source: CNN].
While it may seem like owning a plug-in hybrid car is a great way to save money because you're using less gas, remember also that these cars have a heavy cost premium over cars with "regular" engines. You'll also be responsible for a higher electric bill since you'll be charging them in your home. But there's no question that plug-in hybrids represent a greener, more Earth-friendly driving experience.
- Chevrolet.com. "Chevrolet Volt." (July 28, 2011) http://www.chevrolet.com/volt/
- Riches, Erin. "Comparison Test: 2010 Honda Insight vs. 2010 Toyota Prius." Edmunds Inside Line. March 25, 2009. (July 29, 2011) http://www.insideline.com/toyota/prius/2010/comparison-test-2010-honda-insight-vs-2010-toyota-prius.html
- Taylor, Alex. "Prius Plug-in charges ahead of the Volt." CNNMoney. June 27, 2011. (July 29, 2011) http://money.cnn.com/2011/06/27/autos/prius_plugin_volt.fortune/index.htm