Every day, approximately 3,300 people across the planet die in vehicle crashes, and the World Health Organization projects that by 2030, road traffic injuries will become the fifth most common cause of death [source: ASIRT]. But we're more likely to notice when one of those people happens to be a head of state, a rock musician, a movie star or some other celebrity.
People all over the world were shocked and saddened, for example when Princess Diana died from injuries when the car in which was riding with her then-companion, Dodi Fayed, crashed into a concrete pillar in a Paris underpass on Aug. 31, 1997 [source: CNN, Bailey].
But Diana's death made her just one of numerous celebrities who've died while on the road. Scores have been killed in crashes, ranging from painter Jackson Pollock, Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist and author David Halberstam, to New York Yankees manager Billy Martin and actresses Grace Kelly and Jayne Mansfield [source: Bailey]. Others, such as Archduke Ferdinand of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and U.S. President John F. Kennedy, have been murdered by gunmen while they rode as passengers. And a few, such as country music legend Hank Williams, have expired from other causes while they happened to be in vehicles.
But even as we ponder the deaths of famous people who've died in cars, there's another question to consider. What happened to the cars in which these famous people died?
In some cases, the fates of those fatal vehicles isn't clear. The Mercedes in which Princess Diana died, for example, was scrutinized by the U.K.'s Metropolitan Police in 2005, as part of a re-investigation of the accident [source: Met Police]. The Sun, a British newspaper, reported that the car had been returned to France and was sitting in a shipping container in an impound yard outside of Paris [source: Wilkins and Sloan]. A second newspaper, the Mirror, also reported that it was in France but that its precise whereabouts were unknown [source: Myers and Bishop]. Authorities in France didn't respond to email inquiries, and the Royal family's press office declined comment [source: KP Press Office]. And the wrecked sports car in which actor James Dean was killed in 1955 reportedly disappeared while being transported from Miami to Los Angeles in 1960, and hasn't been seen publicly since [source: Phelan].
Here are five death cars whose locations are known, and the stories behind them.
Archduke Ferdinand's Convertible
June 28, 1914 was a fateful day. That's when a convertible carrying Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the throne of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and his wife, Duchess Sophie von Hohenberg, were ambushed on a street in Sarajevo by a Serbian assassin named Gavrilo Princip, who shot them both dead. The incident triggered a chain of events that led to World War I [source: HGM Museum].
The car in which the couple rode, a black 1910 Gräf and Stift double phaeton, had been built by former Viennese bicycle manufacturers the Gräf brothers. It actually was owned by an Austrian army officer, Count Franz von Harrach, who loaned it to the archduke for the Sarajevo visit. Over the years, a strange myth developed, in which the supposedly cursed car caused the deaths of numerous people who owned it, including a doctor who was thrown from the car during a road race, and a man who died in a head-on collision. A 2013 Smithsonian article debunked those stories [source: Dash].
Today, the car in which the Archduke and his wife were killed is on display in the Museum of Military History in Vienna, alongside his bloodstained blue military uniform and the chaise lounge upon which he died [source: HGM Museum].
Learn more about Archduke Franz Ferdinand in "A Handful of Bullets: How the Murder of Archduke Franz Ferdinand Still Menaces the Peace" by Harlan K. Ullman. HowStuffWorks picks related titles based on books we think you'll like. Should you choose to buy one, we'll receive a portion of the sale.
The Bonnie and Clyde Ford
In 1934, a couple in Topeka, Kansas purchased a Ford Deluxe Fordor sedan, equipped with a powerful V-8 engine and painted Cordova Gray, for $700 [source: Cummins]. But they only had the Ford for six weeks before it was spotted in their driveway by bank robber Clyde Barrow, who was roaming the streets in search of a getaway vehicle [source: Phillips]. Barrow apparently was a big fan of Fords. He and his partner in crime, Bonnie Parker, appear in photos with two other stolen models by the manufacturer [source: Strohl].
A few months later, on May 23, 1934, Barrow and Parker stopped for coffee and donuts at a café in Gibsland, Louisiana, then drove straight into a law enforcement ambush, which neither would survive. The two outlaws were torn apart by hundreds of gunshot rounds and the Ford sedan was riddled with bullet holes. [source: Phillips].
It was towed to nearby Arcadia, where souvenir hunters broke off shards of glass and tried to steal other parts, until the sheriff put it behind a fence [source: Phillips]. Eventually, a federal judge returned the bullet-riddled, bloodstained car its original owners. Today, it is on exhibit in Whiskey Pete's Hotel and Casino in Primm, Nevada [source: Cummins, Primm Valley Casino Resorts].
Learn more about Bonnie and Clyde in "Bonnie and Clyde: A Twenty-First-Century Update" by James R. Knight. HowStuffWorks picks related titles based on books we think you'll like. Should you choose to buy one, we'll receive a portion of the sale.
Hank Williams' Cadillac
Country music legend Hank Williams left Montgomery, Alabama, on December 30, 1952, in a baby blue Cadillac convertible with an 17-year-old college student whom he'd hired as his driver to take him to performances in Charleston, West Virginia and Canton, Ohio. Though he had a beautiful new car, the singer was in rough shape. His career was on the decline, and he had gone from performing at the Grand Ole Opry to playing small clubs in an effort to make a comeback. Physically, he was in poor shape, relying upon morphine shots to deal with pain from back surgery and using chloral hydrate, a sedative, to help him sleep. He also was drinking [source: Tharpe].
On the morning of New Year's Day, 1953, near Oak Hill, West Virginia, Williams' driver stopped to check on his passenger in the back seat, who had been quiet for a while. He then rushed the singer to a nearby hospital, where doctors pronounced him dead at age 29. The official cause was heart failure [source: Tharpe].
Today, Williams' car is on exhibit at the Hank Williams Museum in Montgomery, along with a collection of memorabilia that includes his 1937 Gibson guitar and the microphone and stand used during his last performance [source: Hank Williams Museum].
Learn more about Hank Williams in "Sing a Sad Song: THE LIFE OF HANK WILLIAMS" by Roger M. Williams. HowStuffWorks picks related titles based on books we think you'll like. Should you choose to buy one, we'll receive a portion of the sale.
The JFK Lincoln Continental
On Nov. 22, 1963, President John F. Kennedy rode through the streets of Dallas in a customized dark blue Lincoln Continental convertible. The vehicle, code-named X-100 by the Secret Service, was the most technologically advanced presidential limousines that had ever been built, equipped with a pair of radio telephones, spotlight-illuminated flagstaffs on the fenders, and a rear seat with a hydraulic lift that could be raised 11 inches (28 centimeters) to make it easier for spectators to see the president [source: Freeman]. But the open car also made the president vulnerable to attack, as became evident when assassin Lee Harvey Oswald, perched at a sixth-floor window in the Texas School Book Depository, allegedly shot Kennedy and killed him.
You might think that a presidential limousine would be retired after an assassination. But instead, X-100 was given a $500,000 redesign, complete with bullet-resistant glass, a roof and 1,600 pounds of armor. It also was painted black [source: Freeman, Associated Press]. The car got additional modifications in 1967, and was used by Presidents Johnson, Nixon, Ford and Carter before it was retired in 1977. It's now on display at the Henry Ford Museum in Dearborn, Michigan [source: Henry Ford Museum].
Learn more about the JFK assassination in "JFK: Assassination Rehearsal" by Nick M. Nero. HowStuffWorks picks related titles based on books we think you'll like. Should you choose to buy one, we'll receive a portion of the sale.
The Tupac BMW
On the evening of Sept. 7, 1996, rapper Tupac Shakur and Suge Knight, the then-chief executive of Death Row Records, attended a Mike Tyson fight in Las Vegas, and then headed to a nightclub that Knight owned in a leased black 1996 BMW 750iL sedan. Along the way, a white Cadillac pulled alongside them, and an unidentified shooter fired, hitting both men, but wounding Shakur more seriously [source: Zekan]. Six days later, Shakur died in a Las Vegas hospital [source: Scott]. The killing remains unsolved.
Las Vegas police reportedly impounded the BMW after the shooting, and later sold it at auction [source: Wade]. It subsequently had several owners, one of whom restored and repaired it [source: Celebrity Cars]. The car reportedly was acquired in 2017 by Las Vegas-based Celebrity Cars, and was featured in a 2018 segment of the TV series Pawn Stars [source: Cooke, Pawn Stars]. As of April 2019, the BMW was listed for sale on its website with an asking price of $1.5 million. The seller notes that the car has been repainted and restored and is in excellent condition. It still bears a lone "small indentation" where one of the bullet holes may have been [source: Celebrity Cars].
Learn more about Tupac Shakur in "Tupac Shakur: The Life and Times of an American Icon" by Tayannah Lee McQuillar. HowStuffWorks picks related titles based on books we think you'll like. Should you choose to buy one, we'll receive a portion of the sale.
The history of jaywalking is rooted in the auto industry, class wars and even racism. HowStuffWorks explores its history and why it's a crime.
Author's Note: 5 Famous Death Cars — Where Are They Now?
In the course of researching articles, I often come across tangents that don't necessarily make it into the final story, but which I find fascinating. This time, for example, I learned that verse about a fatal car accident in the Beatles song "A Day in the Life" was inspired by a Daily Mail article that John Lennon read in 1966 about the crash death of Guinness heir Tara Browne in London. Irish journalist Paul Howard published a 2016 biography of Browne and the hip 1960s London culture in which he lived, which I want to read at some point.
More Great Links
- Associated Press. "Car in Which JFK was Slain Rebuilt for LBJ's Use." St. Joseph News-Press. June 14, 1964. (April 11, 2019) http://bit.ly/2G5sK5G
- Association for Safe International Road Travel. "Road Safety Facts." Asirt.org. (April 10, 2019) http://bit.ly/2UyLG6Z
- Autoblog Staff. "10 Historic Cars: Where Are They Now?" Autoblog.com. July 31, 2013. (April 10, 2019) http://bit.ly/2G5QCWD
- Bailey, Maria. "Veteran CBS correspondent Bob Simon joins list of stars lost too soon to violent car crashes." New York Daily News. Feb. 12, 2015. (April 10, 2019) http://bit.ly/2Us5Cs4
- Boyd, Brian." I Read the News Today, Oh Boy review: Like an Irish 'Great Gatsby' by way of 'Ripping Yarns'." Irish Times. Oct. 22, 2016. (April 11, 2019) http://bit.ly/2G4qLOL
- CNN. "Princess Diana dead after Paris car crash." CNN. Aug. 31, 1997. (April 11, 2019) http://www.cnn.com/WORLD/9708/30/diana.dead/
- Cooke, Shawn. "The Bizarre War Over Tupac's BMW." Jalopnik.com. March 18, 2018. (April 11, 2019) http://bit.ly/2G3Utnc
- Cummins, Eleanor. "Bonnie and Clyde's getaway car has hidden lessons for cops in the self-driving vehicle era." Popsci.com. May 23, 2018. (April 11, 2019) http://bit.ly/2G4CoWb
- Dash, Mike. "Curses! Archduke Franz Ferdinand and His Astounding Death Car." Smithsonian.com. April 22, 2013. (April 10, 2019) http://bit.ly/2UvTVQS
- Freeman, David W. "Cars of the Presidents." Popular Mechanics. January 1993. (April 10, 2019) http://bit.ly/2G8DPTf
- George Shinn Classic Cars. "1934 Ford Deluxe Fordor Sedan." Georgeshinnclassiccars.com. (April 11, 2019) http://bit.ly/2G6WD5y
- Hank Williams Museum. "Tour." Hankwilliamsmuseum.net. (April 11, 2019) https://thehankwilliamsmuseum.net/tour
- Henry Ford Museum. "Popular Research Topics: Kennedy Presidential Limousine." Thehenryford.org. (April 11, 2019) http://bit.ly/2G8N1ad
- Museum of Military History (HGM). "Sarajevo." Hgm.at. (April 10, 2019) http://bit.ly/2UrXCqS
- KP Press Office (Kensington Palace). Email to Patrick J. Kiger. April 8. 2019.
- Metropolitan Police. "The Operation Paget inquiry report into the allegation of conspiracy to murder Diana, Princess of Wales, and Emad El-Din Mohamed Abdel Moneim Fayed." Bbc.co.uk. Dec. 14, 2006. (April 10, 2019) https://bbc.in/2UxAaZh
- Myers, Russell and Bishop, Rachel. "Mystery over car Princess Diana was killed inside after Mercedes disappears in France." The Mirror. Aug. 31, 2017. (April 11, 2019) http://bit.ly/2G4zkt9
- Pawn Stars. Pawn Stars: "The BMW That Tupac Was Shot In (Season 15) | History." YouTube. Jan. 26, 2018. (April 11, 2019) http://bit.ly/2G5gCS0
- Phelan, Mark. "With millions at stake, car collectors scour Earth for lost classics." Detroit Free Press. Nov. 9, 2018. (April 10, 2019) http://bit.ly/2UzXZ2U
- Phillips, John Neal. "Running With Bonnie and Clyde: The Ten Fast Years of Ralph Fults." University of Oklahoma Press. 2014.(April 10, 2019) http://bit.ly/2Uu7eBj
- Primm Valley Casino Resorts website. "Primm Valley Resort & Casino - Bonnie and Clyde" (photograph of the car). rimmvalleyresorts.com. (April 11, 2019)
- Scott, Cathy. "The death of Tupac Shakur one year later." Las Vegas Sun. Sept. 6, 1997. (April 11, 2019) http://bit.ly/2G5x44U
- Seward, Jeffrey. "Notable Celebrity Death Cars." Jeffreyseward.com. (April 10, 2019) http://bit.ly/2Gaw0ga
- Strohl, Daniel. "Bonnie and Clyde death car controversy takes center stage for upcoming anniversary." Hemmings Daily. Mar. 25, 2014. (April 11, 2019) http://bit.ly/2G3xfxw
- Tharpe, Jim. "Hank Williams' last ride: Driver recalls lonesome end." Atlanta Journal Constitution. July 2, 2013. (April 11, 2019) https://on-ajc.com/2G4JDxf
- Wade, Carla. "Tupac Shakur's 1996 BMW for sale in Las Vegas." Ktnv.com. Feb. 9, 2018. (April 11, 2019) http://bit.ly/2UA51ol
- Wikins, Dean and Sloan, Jenna. "Di's Car Left to Rot." The Sun. Aug. 28, 2017. (April 10, 2019) http://bit.ly/2Ur6vB7
- Zekan, Karen. "4 sought in Shakur shooting." Las Vegas Sun. Sept. 9 1996. (April 11, 2019) http://bit.ly/2G3PGlI