Ferrari 365 GT4/BB
Engine: 360-horsepower flat-12
Top speed: 180 mph
Ferrari finally answered the Lamborghini Miura in 1974 with its own midengine supercar, the Ferrari 365 GT4/BB. The initials stood for Berlinetta Boxer and signaled a new 4.4-liter horizontally opposed 12-cylinder engine with some 344 horsepower. Such engines are called “boxer” because their pistons pump side to side, like prize fighters exchanging punches. The engine’s four valves per cylinder accounted for the “4” in its model designation.
This was Ferrari’s first production midengine 12-cylinder car and had a body of steel, aluminum, and fiberglass. The Ferrari 365 GT4/BB decisively raised the bar for high performance, as expected of the successor to the fabled front-engine V-12 Ferrari Daytona. It hit 180 mph in magazine road tests. Ferrari built about 400 Ferrari 365 GT4/BB then in 1977 responded to tightening exhaust-emissions rules with the 512 BB. Its flat-12 was larger, but the car was heavier and a bit slower than the Ferrari 365 GT4/BB.