If too much force is applied to the brake pedal, conventional brakes may cause the wheels to lock up. This lessens the driver's steering control and makes the braking distance greater. Locked wheels skid more easily. An antilock brake system (ABS) has sensors on each of the wheels that monitor the wheel's speed. In addition, the sensors regulate hydraulic brake pressure through a hydraulic control unit. The third element of ABS is a computerized command system.
Dangers of Brake Failure
Brakes function because of a special hydraulic, or liquid-based, system. Brake fluid moves from the pedal through the brake-line system. Because liquids can't be compressed, they move. It is this movement that pushes against the mechanism that stops the vehicle. So when this fluid runs low, brake problems will occur.
If the brake system is failing, the vehicle may pull to one side. This situation can cause accidents that range from fender-benders to serious collisions. You might also feel pulling if there's been a leak of brake fluid, if the brakes aren't adjusted properly or if the brake has locked. [source: Grey].
The most apparent danger in brake failure is the possibility of injury or death. As a result, it is important to wear a seat belt and to be certain that guidelines for infant and child car seats are met to ensure safety. Don't forget to be alert to and aware of pedestrians on or near the roadway.
Another concern is property damage. This includes the vehicle itself but also trees, power lines, highways signs and telephone poles. Damage to private or public property will need to be compensated, which can affect your auto insurance premium.
Don't let the dangers of brake failure frighten you. Read on to learn what you can do in the event of brake failure.